Yerusha: Zsidóság és kulturális antropológia - tudományos online folyóirat Yerusha: Zsidóság és kulturális antropológia - tudományos online folyóirat - yerusha, yerushaonline, zsidóság, mediterráneum, kelet varázsa, lebegő szigetek, kinderjohren, or-zse, online folyóirat, kulturális antropológia, olasz zsidóság, jemeni zsidóság, genizakutatás, scheiber sándor, holokauszt
עין לציון
“As long as our eyes are fixed on Zion, we won’t lose our hope.” – we confess it while singing Hatikva. Seventy years ago the two–thousand-year old hope became a reality, thus the eyes of those who live in the Diaspora are even more focusing on Zion. The mission of our periodical is to contribute to the preservation of Jewish tradition in the Galuth, which includes the various aspects of the dynamic relationship between the Diaspora and Israel. This means that the essays of this column do not deal with contemporary politics, the social and economic life of the modern State of Israel, rather we intend to focus on the Israeli society and culture in their relations to the Diaspora.

Social integration problems of Ethiopian Jews in Israel I. Jews in Ethiopia
The aim of the article is to shed light upon the complex issue of Ethiopian Jews in Israel. The context of the history and different narratives of the origin of this ethnic-religious group is just as controversial as the judgmental behavior of the society towards Ethiopians. It is obvious that the riots of the Ethiopians in Israel are a clear sign of their oppressed role in the society. More specifically, the research focuses on the efforts of government programs for the eradication of discrimination against Ethiopians. Israel is the land of paradoxes, and the case of the Ethiopian Jews is paradox, as well. The program of the Israeli government failed in the last decades but after a process of rethinking, some progress has been made. “Derech Hadasha”, for example, is a government program that had real social impact on the attitude of the Israeli society towards the Ethiopians. An important conclusion can be drawn as the result of our research: successful integrative programs come only from a deep understanding of the culture and the real needs of the targeted a social group. It is extremely important to work as partners with these communities if someone wants to create a recipient society.

Author: Dr. Háberman Zoltán, PhD – Berzi Eszter (BA)

Leah Goldberg: Lady of the Castle - Contrasting Interpretations: Israeli and European Readings of the Play
The Lady of the Castle offers two parallel readings. The focus of the Zionist reading is the post-Shoah Israeli Jewish identity, which emphatically proclaims the imperative of rejecting the diaspora Jewish identity. In contrast, the focus of the European reading is the post-Shoah crisis of European identity and culture. From a Jewish perspective, however, Europe does not only signify persecutions and the Shoah, but also the values and attractions of European culture that had a defining role in the formation of European Jewish identity. Goldberg embeds all of these parallel and contrasting threads in a Gothic drama, in which she attempts a certain measure of conciliation between them.

Author: Dr. habil. Szilvia Peremiczky, PhD

Hungarian Holocaust Survivors in Israel. Socio-Historical Analysis of Új Kelet (New Orient)
The current study wishes to provide a deeper understanding of the Hungarian-speaking Holocaust survivors in Israel through the analysis of its staff and readership of the Új Kelet (New Orient) newspaper at its heyday. Approximately 20.000 copies of the newspaper were published daily decades after the Shoah. Its iconic figures such as Tomi Lapid, Ferenc Kishont, Károly Gárdos (-DOS), Rezső Kasztner contributed to the creation and establishment of the modern state of Israel. Very few researches exist in the discourse of social history on the post-Holocaust lives of the Shoah survivors. Új Kelet was the bridge between the pre-Holocaust and the post-Holocaust lives of the survivors. Many of them used this paper as a springboard for the integration into the Israeli society.

Author: Dr. Háberman Zoltán, PhD

The Noise of the Creation – Analysis of the Novel “Seven Days in the Life of Avraham Bogatir” by Gyorgy Kardos, from the viewpoint of the philosophy of dialogue
This essay attempts to provide a new interpretation of Gyorgy Kardos’s novel, Seven Days in the Life of Avraham Bogatir, from the perspective of the philosophy of dialogue, based on the works of Franz Rosenzweig and Martin Buber. Both the „Seven Days” in the title and the motto of the novel refer to the biblical creation story. According to Rosenzweig, creation is not the birth of order from chaos, on the contrary: it is the decomposition of the unity’s order into the pieces of chaos. And in this beginning, there is no language to make a connection between them.

Author: Bartók Ágnes, MA