Yerusha: Zsidóság és kulturális antropológia - tudományos online folyóirat Yerusha: Zsidóság és kulturális antropológia - tudományos online folyóirat - www.yerushaonline.com yerusha, yerushaonline, zsidóság, mediterráneum, kelet varázsa, lebegő szigetek, kinderjohren, or-zse, online folyóirat, kultúrális antropológia, olasz zsidóság, jemeni zsidóság, genizakutatás, scheiber sándor, holokauszt
MAGICAL ORIENT
The mystical, exotic world of the Orient was in the limelight in the Western hemisphere towards the end of the 19th century. The concept of the Orient is interpreted rather widely: it includes the far and the near East from a Western European perspective. Although Jewish communities have been found in the Far East since ancient times, in this column we concentrate on the past and present fate of the so-called Mizrahi (Oriental) Jews living in or originating from Arab Lands. We intend to present their unique and colorful traditions, publishing facts less known in our region.


Megillath Ruth in the Liturgy of Shavuot and Its Message in the 21st Century
Reading portions from the Holy Scripture is as important in Jewish liturgy as prayers. In fact, the tradition of public readings is more ancient than public prayers, which replaced sacrifices in the Holy Temple. We know from the Tanakh itself that public Tora readings were introduced short after the return from the Babylonian Exile, during the time of Nehemiah. Beside the Tora, i.e. the five books or better to say the five scrolls of Moses, there are five other scrolls, megilloth that also take very important roles in Jewish liturgy: Kohelet (Ecclesiates), Megillat Esther, Shir Hashirim (Song of Songs), Megillat Ruth and Eicha (Lamentation). Each megilla contribute greatly to the solemnity of a certain feast or in the case of Eicha to the deepness of the public fast on Tisha beAv.

Author: Dr. Judit Karpati, PhD


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The Importance of the Religious Poetry of Rav Shalom Shabazi in the Liturgy of the Yemenite Jews
In her article the author draws attention to one of the greatest Jewish poets of the seventeenth century, who lived outside of the Western cultural circle and thus – despite his sublime poetry – he is not very well–known even among Jews. The Cabbalistic poems, the piyyutim and the kinot of this immortal Yemenite rabbi, Rav Shalom Shabazi have been cherished in the hearts of his people even until the 21st century, although his poetry could not enter the Yemenite prayer books due the local prohibition against reciting piyyutim in synagogues. Beyond the known or supposed facts of Shabazi’s life, works and liturgical importance, the author’s intention was to explore the social – historical background of the poet’s era.

Author: Dr. Judit Karpati, PhD


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