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Social integration problems of Ethiopian Jews in Israel I. Jews in Ethiopia
Dr. Háberman Zoltán, PhD – Berzi Eszter (BA)
The aim of the article is to shed light upon the complex issue of Ethiopian Jews in Israel. The context of the history and different narratives of the origin of this ethnic-religious group is just as controversial as the judgmental behavior of the society towards Ethiopians. It is obvious that the riots of the Ethiopians in Israel are a clear sign of their oppressed role in the society. More specifically, the research focuses on the efforts of government programs for the eradication of discrimination against Ethiopians. Israel is the land of paradoxes, and the case of the Ethiopian Jews is paradox, as well. The program of the Israeli government failed in the last decades but after a process of rethinking, some progress has been made. “Derech Hadasha”, for example, is a government program that had real social impact on the attitude of the Israeli society towards the Ethiopians. An important conclusion can be drawn as the result of our research: successful integrative programs come only from a deep understanding of the culture and the real needs of the targeted a social group. It is extremely important to work as partners with these communities if someone wants to create a recipient society.

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